According to Wikipedia, water damage is defined as the deterioration caused by water seeping in places or materials where they shouldn’t be. The damage may be as small as those perceptible water spots or as disastrous as flooding. The damages can happen slowly over a period of time or it can also be a rapid process just in the case of floods. Without proper Las Vegas water abstraction, seemingly small damages can do a great deal of destruction if ignored for a period of time.
- CAUSES OF WATER DAMAGE AND FLOODING
Knowing the reasons for flooding and water damage is key to keeping them in check or avoiding them totally. Prevention is the best cure. Here are some of the possible causes of water damage and flooding:
- Overflowing toilet, sink, or bathtub
- Faulty plumbing
- Clogged toilet or sewage line
- Damaged household appliance; look out for dishwashers and washing machines
- Excessive rain and weather conditions that cause flooding
- Burst pipe
- Leaky roof
These are just some of the reasons for water damage and flooding in homes and offices. It is best to be alert in detecting these to avoid a much bigger problem in the future.
- WATER DAMAGE CATEGORIES
The IICRC states that there are 3 water damage categories used to describe the type of liquid that involved in a flooding situation. They are categorized according to the potential damage they yield.
This refers to liquids that spring from a sanitary source. Due to its clear appearance, this is also called as “Clean Water”. This is category of liquid is not considered much of a threat to humans but they have the potential to advance into the 2nd category if not fixed through a Las Vegas water abstraction process.
Possible Sources: faulty appliances that make use of water, toilet tanks, bathtub overflow
This is referred to liquids that contain high levels of contaminants. These contaminants may be of chemical, biological, or physical in nature and cause sickness or discomfort upon ingestion or exposure. This sometimes referred to as “Grey Water” due to its slightly murky appearance, however, some lightly used water that falls in this category may still look fairly clear.
Possible Sources: urine contaminated toilet overflow (no feces), used water overflow or discharge from appliances like dishwashers or washing machines, drainage leaks
Among the categories, this is the classification that is considered as grossly unsanitary. This can be considered the worst category of liquid due to its highly contaminated nature. Ingesting this category could induce severe sickness or even death. This is also known as “Black Water” and has harmful agents like bacteria and fungi. A category 2 liquid if left unattended will progress into this category.
Possible Sources: feces contaminated toilet overflow, toilet backflows from beyond the toilet trap, stagnant or standing water with bacterial growth, sewage water
- WATER DAMAGE CLASS
The water damage class is categorized according to its rate of evaporation and the type of affected materials. The Water Page indicates that determining the class of water damage is vital in assessing the best method to extract water in Las Vegas as well as the restorative options afterward.
Rate of Evaporation: Slow
This is the least harmful of all the classes. The materials affected have absorbed only minimal volumes of the liquid. This is considered the easiest to repair and only affects a portion of a room.
Rate of Evaporation: Fast
This class affects the whole room. This includes the room’s cushions and carpeting. In this classification, the wetness has seeped in and wicked up to the walls for at least 12 inches but no more than 24 inches. Moisture can also be found on structural materials.
Rate of Evaporation: Fastest
This classification has a water source that is commonly overhead. This results in affecting the entire room from ceiling level to sub-floor levels. The moisture affects the walls, insulation, and carpets as well.
Label: Specialty Drying Situation
This class involves a special kind of restoration and water abstraction processes. This is because of the substantial volume of liquid that has saturated over a sufficient period of time to allow the water to seep in materials with a low level of porosity. Examples of these materials that can be affected at this level are hardwood floors, bricks and plaster, and even concrete.
- HEALTH RISKS
As mentioned above, the different categories and classes pose a lot of risk to houses and buildings. However, water damage also has the potential to be hazardous to our health. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention specified that water damage is harmful to humans in many ways.
- Molds and fungi that form due to water damage can prove to be quite toxic. They usually form on damp spots around the house and can grow anywhere as long as there is moisture. As stated by WebMD, molds release spores in the air to multiply and can easily be inhaled. This means that molds from water damage can easily irritate the respiratory system and even body parts like the eyes and skin. The toxins in molds may have temporary effects but some can also cause life-threatening diseases like cancer.
- Chemicals that are released into the water during a flood or a leak can be harmful to the body. These include chemicals from industrial sources or even those kept at home that may have been moved during the flood. These chemicals may also come from the biological waste in sewage systems.
- Other hazards include damaged roofs of floors that may collapse, wirings that can cause electrocution especially those submerged in the water, and wildlife that have stayed in your house for shelter.